Rank and organization:   Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company C, 362d Infantry,
91st Infantry Division.
Place and date:   Near Casaglia, Italy, 12 July 1944.
Entered service at:   Pixley, Calif.
Birth:   Talala, Okla.
G.O. No.: 83, 2
Citation:   He was an acting squad leader when heavy machinegun
fire from enemy positions, well dug in on commanding ground and camouflaged
by haystacks, stopped his company's advance and pinned down 1 platoon where
it was exposed to almost certain annihilation. Ordered to rescue the beleaguered
platoon by neutralizing the German automatic fire, he led his squad forward
along a draw to the right of the trapped unit against 3 key positions which
poured murderous fire into his helpless comrades. When within range, his
squad fired tracer bullets in an attempt to set fire to the 3 haystacks
which were strung out in a loose line directly to the front, 75, 150, and
250 yards away. Realizing that this attack was ineffective, Sgt. Harmon
ordered his squad to hold their position and voluntarily began a 1-man
assault. Carrying white phosphorus grenades and a submachine gun, he skillfully
took advantage of what little cover the terrain afforded and crept to within
25 yards of the first position. He set the haystack afire with a grenade,
and when 2 of the enemy attempted to flee from the inferno, he killed them
with his submachine gun. Crawling toward the second machinegun emplacement,
he attracted fire and was wounded; but he continued to advance and destroyed
the position with hand grenades, killing the occupants. He then attacked
the third machinegun, running to a small knoll, then crawling over ground
which offered no concealment or cover. About halfway to his objective,
he was again wounded. But he struggled ahead until within 20 yards of the
machinegun nest, where he raised himself to his knees to throw a grenade.
He was knocked down by direct enemy fire. With a final, magnificent effort,
he again arose, hurled the grenade and fell dead, riddled by bullets. His
missile fired the third position, destroying it. Sgt. Harmon's extraordinary
heroism, gallantry, and self-sacrifice saved a platoon from being wiped
out, and made it possible for his company to advance against powerful enemy
This data was extracted from the Committee on Veterans' Affairs, U.S. Senate, Medal of Honor Recipients: 1863-1973 (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1973)