Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company L, 1st New Jersey Cavalry.
Place and date: At Chamberlains Creek, Va., 31 March 1865. Entered service
at: Jersey City, N.J.
Date of issue: 3 July 1865.
With the assistance of one comrade, headed off the advance of the enemy,
shooting 2 of his color bearers; also posted himself between the enemy
and the lead horses of his own command, thus saving the herd from capture.
This data was extracted from the Committee on Veterans' Affairs, U.S. Senate, Medal of Honor Recipients: 1863-1973 (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1973)