Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company F, 9th Michigan Cavalry. Place
and date: At siege of Knoxville, Tenn., 20 November 1863. Entered service
at: Adrian, Mich. Born: 27 April 1838, Sandy Creek, Oswego County, N.Y.
Date of issue: 5 April 1898.
Citation: With one companion, voluntarily
carried through the enemy's lines important dispatches from Gen. Grant
to Gen. Burnside, then besieged within Knoxville, and brought back replies,
his comrade's horse being killed and the man taken prisoner.
This data was extracted from the Committee on Veterans' Affairs, U.S. Senate, Medal of Honor Recipients: 1863-1973 (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1973)