CALUGAS, JOSE - Medal of Honor Recipient

Rank and organization:   Sergeant, U.S. Army, Battery B, 88th Field Artillery, Philippine Scouts.

Place and date:   At Culis, Bataan Province, Philippine Islands, 16 January 1942.

Entered service at:   Fort Stotsenburg, Philippine Islands.

Birth:   29 December 1907, Barrio Tagsing, Leon, %Iloilo, Philippine Islands.

G.O. No.: 10, 24 February 1942.

Citation:   The action for which the award was made took place near Culis, Bataan Province, Philippine Islands, on 16 January 1942. A battery gun position was bombed and shelled by the enemy until 1 gun was put out of commission and all the cannoneers were killed or wounded. Sgt. Calugas, a mess sergeant of another battery, voluntarily and without orders ran 1,000 yards across the shell-swept area to the gun position. There he organized a volunteer squad which placed the gun back in commission and fired effectively against the enemy, although the position remained under constant and heavy Japanese artillery fire.

This data was extracted from the Committee on Veterans' Affairs, U.S. Senate, Medal of Honor Recipients: 1863-1973 (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1973)