Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, Battery B, 88th Field Artillery,
Place and date: At Culis, Bataan Province, Philippine
Islands, 16 January 1942.
Entered service at: Fort Stotsenburg, Philippine
Birth: 29 December 1907, Barrio Tagsing, Leon, %Iloilo, Philippine
G.O. No.: 10, 24 February 1942.
Citation: The action for which
the award was made took place near Culis, Bataan Province, Philippine Islands,
on 16 January 1942. A battery gun position was bombed and shelled by the
enemy until 1 gun was put out of commission and all the cannoneers were
killed or wounded. Sgt. Calugas, a mess sergeant of another battery, voluntarily
and without orders ran 1,000 yards across the shell-swept area to the gun
position. There he organized a volunteer squad which placed the gun back
in commission and fired effectively against the enemy, although the position
remained under constant and heavy Japanese artillery fire.
This data was extracted from the Committee on Veterans' Affairs, U.S. Senate, Medal of Honor Recipients: 1863-1973 (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1973)