Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 3d Michigan Cavalry. Place
and date: At Brownsville, Ark., 27 January 1865.
Entered service at: Victor,
Mich. Birth. Oakland County, Mich.
Date of issue: 4 April 1865.
Successfully defended himself, single-handed against 7 guerrillas, killing
the leader (Capt. W. C. Stephenson) and driving off the remainder of the
This data was extracted from the Committee on Veterans' Affairs, U.S. Senate, Medal of Honor Recipients: 1863-1973 (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1973)